Author Topic: Teori Evolusi  (Read 3812 times)

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May 03, 2008, 09:53:27 AM
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What Do You Really Know About Evolution?
April 29, 2008
by Wayne Jackson

Some years ago a few scientists declared that the “theory of evolution” was as well established as the rotundity of the earth. But “evolution” is still a “theory,” not a law. All of the basics of this “theory” stand in opposition to known science.

What do you really know about evolution? Not much, I assure you!

Dr. Colin Patterson, who was Senior Paleontologist of the British Museum of Natural History, delivered a speech at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City on November 5, 1981. He began by saying:

”...I’m speaking on two subjects, evolutionism and creationism, and I believe it’s true to say that I know nothing whatever about either….

“For over twenty years I had thought that I was working on evolution in some way.  One morning I woke up, and something had happened in the night, and it struck me that I had been working on this stuff for twenty years, and there was not one thing I knew about it….

“I tried that question on the geology staff in the Field Museum of Natural History [Chicago], and the only answer I got was silence. I tried it on the members of the Evolutionary Morphology Seminar in the University of Chicago, a very prestigious body of evolutionists, and all I got there was silence for a long time, and then eventually one person said: ‘Yes, I do know one thing. It ought not to be taught in high school’” (see: Patterson).

This is a remarkably strange statement in view of the fact that almost every evolutionist on the globe—from the professors at Harvard to your children’s elementary school teacher in many cases—is absolutely certain that he/she knows virtually all of the “facts” that support the evolutionary hypothesis. But it would be highly interesting to hear them attempt answering some very fundamental and specific questions.

Something From Nothing
Here is a most interesting problem. How does something come from nothing? Some years ago I debated an atheist, Professor Paul O. Ricci, in southern California on the question of the existence of God. One of the arguments I pursued was this.

Something cannot come from nothing. But something is. Thus, something always has been. That “Something” that always has been is not “matter” (as demonstrated by the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which implies that matter is not eternal). Thus, there is a non-material “Something” that always has been, that produced the “something” that now is. The argument was further expanded, but this is sufficient for the purpose of this article.

Mr. Ricci protested; he alleged that something can come from nothing. I asked him to explain how that is possible. All he could say was, “Read the literature.” I pressed that I wanted him to explain the process to our audience. (I was not debating “Professor Literature,” but Mr. Ricci!) Again he repeated: “Read the literature.” Regrettably, I was forced to point out that the nearest thing I had ever observed of “something coming from nothing,” was his attempt to respond to my question as to how “something can come from nothing”! The audience got the point and my opponent did too! If there is nothing, there will always be nothing. Something cannot come from nothing.

Some attempt to avoid this question by suggesting that it is not germane to the evolutionary issue, for evolution deals with “development”—not origin. There has to be “origin” before there can be “development.” The question is entirely germane, and Darwinists simply cannot deal with it!

The Living From The Non-Living
A second non-knowable proposition from the evolutionary vantage point is this: How can something non-living produce a living creature? Centuries ago scientists demonstrated that the theory of “spontaneous generation,” i.e., life bursting into existence on its own, is without supporting evidence. Francesco Redi (1626-97) and Louis Pasteur (1822-95), through careful experimentation debunked the notion that life can generate itself.

Even renowned Harvard evolutionist, Dr. George G. Simpson (1902-84), familiarly known as “Mr. Evolution,” conceded that though “most biologists think it probable that life did originally arise from nonliving matter by natural processes … spontaneous generation does not occur in any known case” (1957, 261).

Sir Fred Hoyle, one of Britain’s prominent scientists, likened the accidental creation of life to a vast conglomerate of blind men (10 to the 50th power, i.e., 1 followed by 50 zeros) simultaneously solving scrambled Rubik’s cubes (1981, 521ff). This is an illustration signifying never!

Scientists (e.g., Miller and Fox) have been trying to create life for the past half-century, and have failed miserably. If human intelligence cannot create life, does it seem reasonable that raw, non-intelligent “nature” could have done so?

The Organized from the Disorganized
Here is another “don’t know” problem for evolutionists. How did a highly organized, fully integrated body with cooperating parts (and all cells are highly organized; see Jackson, 2000, 6-14) develop from a mass of mere matter?

Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902), a German pathologist, popularized the “cell theory,” namely that “every cell originates from another cell like it.” Virchow wrote that: “Where a cell exists there must have been a pre-existing cell” (Simpson, et al. 1957. 39). Simpson characterized this one of the “great foundations of modern biology.” Yet none of them knows how a non-cell produced a cell.

One evolutionist described the cell as a “microuniverse” that abounds with discrete pieces of life, each performing with exquisite precision” (Gore, 1976, 358). In his book on the cell, John Pfeiffer wrote that: ”...all cells are built according to a fundamental design which provides them with certain common features apparently necessary to life” (1964, 10). Built? Designed? Can there be something “built” without a “builder,” or designed without a designer?

Paul Ricci, an evolutionist (see above), in his book, Fundamentals of Critical Thinking, concedes that: ”’Everything designed has a designer….” (1986, 190). His rationalization is that nothing in nature bears the evidence of “design”; things just have “order.”

Who was the Orderer of the order?

From “Kind” to “Kind”
The Bible teaches that God made living organisms each after its “kind.” Recall Virchow’s statement that: “every cell originates from another cell like it.” The “creation-according-to-kind” principle is stressed no fewer than ten times in Genesis 1. The Hebrew word for “kind” (min) is a comprehensive term, broader than the more prolific “species.” A “species” generally is defined as a group of similar creatures that can cross breed and produce a fertile offspring. The falcon is designated as a “kind” in Leviticus 11:4, yet there are more than forty species of falcons.

The term “kind” represents segments of biological organisms that are separated by unbridgeable gaps that no evolutionist can supply. Charles Darwin acknowledged that this is: “the most serious objection which can be urged against the theory” of evolution (6th edition, 313).

It is commonly claimed that the evidence was sketchy in Darwin’s day, but now it is different. Wrong. There are fossils representing some 250 million species in the various museums of the world, and the “missing links” are still missing. The evidence is even more pronounced than in Darwin’s day.

Professor Simpson confessed that there is a: “regular absence of transitional forms” in the fossil record (1944, 107). The late Stephen J. Gould of Harvard acknowledged that there exists: “precious little in the way of intermediate forms,” and the “transitions between major groups are characteristically abrupt” (1977, 24).

Mark Ridley, a professor of zoology at Oxford University, wryly noted that: ”...no real evolutionist, whether gradualist or punctuationist, uses the fossil record as evidence in favor of the theory of evolution as opposed to special creation” (1981, 831).

Evolution is a story of “gaps,” not “links.” Of “questions,” not “answers.”

-

Source: http://www.christiancourier.com/articles/read/what_do_you_really_know_about_evolution
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May 03, 2008, 06:14:50 PM
Reply #1
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Saya dulu pernah belajar biologi.

Saya juga nanya,
Bagaimana suatu substansi yang mati bisa tiba-tiba menjadi hidup.

Dosen saya jawab,
'Saya juga ga tau.'

Asumsinya dulu pas bumi baru terbentuk, ada hujan badai petir.
Hujan badai petir ini menjadikan substansi mati bisa menjadi hidup.

Tapi tetep si dosen juga bilang.
'Saya ga tau.'

Semua ini hanya asumsi.
Tidak bisa dibuktikan di lab dan memang tidak akan pernah bisa dibuktikan.

Teori evolusi manusia belum bisa dikatakan ilmiah karena sample tidak mewakili populasi.
Tapi itu hanya satu-satunya penjelasan yang dilogis-logiskan.
He Must Grow Greater And Greater But I Less And Less
May 03, 2008, 10:33:35 PM
Reply #2
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tapi pas tuanya  si charles darwin menyesali teorinya yg belum selesai ini....
I've HanDs, BuT i Can't aLwaYs ToUcH Ur HanDs.

I've EaRs,But i Can't aLwaYs HeaR Ur vOiCe.
 
I've MouTh,BuT i Can't aLwaYs TaLk To U.
 
I've eYes,But i Can't aLwaYs LooK aT U.
 
But.. I've HEART!!
ThaT HEART aLwaYs PraY FoR U..
May 05, 2008, 10:46:06 AM
Reply #3
  • FK - Full Member
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kalau berkaca dari Alkitab
jelas teori evolusi sangat sangat tidak Alkitabiah, karena Allah tidak menciptakan manusia dari evolusi kera, melainkan manusia adalah manusia, kera adalah kera, jadi sebagai orang beriman jelas, aku hanya menganggap teori evolusi sebagai tambahan pengetahuan, namun bukan kebenaran.

JLU :happy0025:

Rom 12:12 Bersukacitalah dalam pengharapan, sabarlah dalam kesesakan, dan bertekunlah dalam doa![/b]
May 08, 2008, 01:22:06 PM
Reply #4
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pernah waktu belajar sidi di gereja dilempar kasus teori evolusi vs penciptaan manusia. tapi aku pribadi ngga setuju dengan teori evolusi, masa nenek moyang kita monyet? ngga lah... pernah juga kepikiran waktu sekolah dan belajar teori evolusi masa sih adam dan hawa dulu mirip monyet?  :rolleye0019:  tetep aja aku percaya sama isi Alkitab, kita diciptakan seturut gambar Sang Pencipta...
all the best for Jesus Christ !!!
May 08, 2008, 02:09:08 PM
Reply #5
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Setuju ma Ai_Vebri  :afro:
mau mau, engga engga, jangan mau yang engga engga
May 08, 2008, 03:52:09 PM
Reply #6
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Setuju ma Ai_Vebri  :afro:

Saya melihat ada burun merpati sedang terbang sambil mengggit setangkai daun zaitun
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His crown was of thorns
His throne was a cross
His glory was humiliation

(the wisdom of the desert)
May 09, 2008, 08:37:11 AM
Reply #7
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I think kita harus membedakan 2 macam teori Evolution jika mau membicarakan ttg hal ini.

Ada yg dinamakan macroevolution dan ada yg dinamakan microevolution

Macro-evolution bicara mengenai adanya perubahan di level species. Misalnya, satu jenis mahluk bisa berubah menjadi jenis mahluk yg berbeda. Macro-evolution juga bisa diartikan sebagai adanya perubahan dalam satu keluarga jenis (family of species)

Micro-evolution, dilain pihak, bicara mengenai evolusi yg terjadi dalam suatu level “dibawah” species. Species (Jenis)nya tetap sama, hanya ada perubahan akan warna, size, populasi, dsb

Pernah dengar org2 yg percaya teori evolution berkata bahwa “evolution is a fact”?
Jika ya, maka sebenarnya yg merupakan “fact” adalah micro-evolution, yg org2 Creationist / ID juga percayai. Sebab memang ada buktinya. Tapi itu bukan berarti apa yg benar buat micro-evolution juga benar buat macro-evolution. Kenyataannya adalah teori macro-evolution itu masih belum terbukti sampai sekarang.

Tapi karena oleh filosofi naturalisme yg dianut sebagian besar para ilmuwan, maka mereka langsung berasumsi bahwa macro-evolution adalah benar, dan kita semua berasal dari satu single cell yg kemudian berevolusi menjadi berbagai macam jenis mahluk.

Para Darwinist / evolutionist berasumsi bahwa mutasi (perubahan genetic) yg terjadi dalam satu jenis mahluk bisa “diturunkan” (proses natural selection) kepada keturunan2 mereka , dan ini menyebabkan perubahan yg terjadi secara berangsur2 dalam diri keturunan2 mereka menjadi radikal dan akhirnya jenis mahluk baru tercipta dan berkembang.

Dan asumsi ini juga mereka gunakan utk menjelaskan bagaimana satu cell hidup pada mulanya kemudian bisa berubah dan bercabang menjadi berbagai macam species.

Juga perlu diingat bahwa ada 2 macam teori evolution yg berhubungan dengan filosofi. Yg pertama adalah naturalistic evolution (yg sudah saya jelaskan) dan theistic evolution, yg mengajarkan bahwa evolusi memang benar tapi Tuhan yg menciptakan proses itu
For I determined not to know anything ... except Jesus Christ and Him crucified.
December 22, 2008, 09:34:10 PM
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Pernah dengar perumpamaan tentang seekor monyet dengan sebuah mesin ketik? Cerita ini ditujukan untuk mengkritik teori Darwin. Perumpamaan ini dimulai dari sebuah pertanyaan:

Berapa lamakah diperlukan untuk menaruh elemen-elemen kimiawi yang mati pada kondisi-kondisi yang ideal sehingga menjadi protozoa yang hidup?

Jawab:

Hal itu tidak mungkin pernah terjadi! Marilah kita sederhanakan masalahnya; berapa lamakah diperlukan bagi seekor monyet yang dengan asal-asalan mengetuk pada sebuah mesin ketik, untuk menghasilkan kata-kata dalam misalnya Kitab Kejadian 1:1? Senyatanya, mari kita membiarkan sejuta monyet yang tidak kenal lelah untuk mengetuk dengan kecepatan yang amat tinggi (12 ketukan /detik) di atas mesin ketik yang disederhanakn dengan hanya huruf besar saja.

Cobalah bayangkan ada suatu karang berukuran sangat besar sehingga apabila bumi diletakan di atasnya, maka ujung bumi yang satunya akan menyentuh bintang terdekat. Dan bintang lainnya berjarak sedemikian jauhnya sehingga untuk mencapainya membutuhkan perjalanan 4 tahun cahaya (280.000 km/detik). Jika ada seekor burung muncul setiap sejuta tahun dan mengambil bagian dari karang itu yang sebesar sebutir pasir setiap pengambilan, maka empat karang sebesar itu akan keburu habis sebelum monyet super kampiun diharapkan bisa mengetik kitab kejadian 1:1!

Bolton Davidheiser, dalam Evolution and Christian Faith, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., 1969, hal. 363; mempergunakan kalkulasi William Feller, dalam An Introduction to Probability Theory and Its Implications, Wiley, 1950, I, hal 266

 ;D
Segala sesuatu ingin kupinta dengan iman kepada-Nya; tetapi kutahu hanya apa yang dikehendaki-Nyalah yang akan terjadi kepadaku. Sekarang tegaklah kepalaku, menghadapi segala sesuatu seturut kehendak-Nya.
December 22, 2008, 09:47:02 PM
Reply #9
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Pernah dengar perumpamaan tentang seekor monyet dengan sebuah mesin ketik? Cerita ini ditujukan untuk mengkritik teori Darwin. Perumpamaan ini dimulai dari sebuah pertanyaan:

Berapa lamakah diperlukan untuk menaruh elemen-elemen kimiawi yang mati pada kondisi-kondisi yang ideal sehingga menjadi protozoa yang hidup?

Jawab:

Hal itu tidak mungkin pernah terjadi! Marilah kita sederhanakan masalahnya; berapa lamakah diperlukan bagi seekor monyet yang dengan asal-asalan mengetuk pada sebuah mesin ketik, untuk menghasilkan kata-kata dalam misalnya Kitab Kejadian 1:1? Senyatanya, mari kita membiarkan sejuta monyet yang tidak kenal lelah untuk mengetuk dengan kecepatan yang amat tinggi (12 ketukan /detik) di atas mesin ketik yang disederhanakn dengan hanya huruf besar saja.

Cobalah bayangkan ada suatu karang berukuran sangat besar sehingga apabila bumi diletakan di atasnya, maka ujung bumi yang satunya akan menyentuh bintang terdekat. Dan bintang lainnya berjarak sedemikian jauhnya sehingga untuk mencapainya membutuhkan perjalanan 4 tahun cahaya (280.000 km/detik). Jika ada seekor burung muncul setiap sejuta tahun dan mengambil bagian dari karang itu yang sebesar sebutir pasir setiap pengambilan, maka empat karang sebesar itu akan keburu habis sebelum monyet super kampiun diharapkan bisa mengetik kitab kejadian 1:1!

Bolton Davidheiser, dalam Evolution and Christian Faith, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., 1969, hal. 363; mempergunakan kalkulasi William Feller, dalam An Introduction to Probability Theory and Its Implications, Wiley, 1950, I, hal 266

 ;D
Segala sesuatu ingin kupinta dengan iman kepada-Nya; tetapi kutahu hanya apa yang dikehendaki-Nyalah yang akan terjadi kepadaku. Sekarang tegaklah kepalaku, menghadapi segala sesuatu seturut kehendak-Nya.
 


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