Author Topic: Siapakah sesungguhnya "Orang-orang Majus" itu?  (Read 2042 times)

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December 23, 2011, 11:14:05 AM
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Perayaan Natal tidak lepas dari Kisah Orang Majus. Siapakah sesungguhnya mereka itu? Alkitab hanya memberitahukan kita mereka berasal dari Timur. Dari Timur mana? Apakah Persia? Atau China, Rusia? Tidak ada penjelasan atas hal ini.
Dalam teks bahasa Yunaninya "Majus" itu tertulis 'MA, GOI'. Magoi adalah bentuk jamak dari kata "Magus". "Magus" dipakai dalam Kisah Para Rasul 13: 6 dan 8 dterjemahkan sebagai "tukang sihir". Dalam Holy Bible tertulis "Magi". Magi adalah akar kata Magician (tukang sihir).
Mungkin selama ini anda menganggap orang Majus sebagai "Raja2 dari Timur" karena mereka membawa emas, mur dan kemenyan. Apakah Alkitab mengatakan bahwa mereka Raja? Tidak! Bacalah matius 2 dengan teliti.
Kenyataanya adlah: Orang2 Majus itu bukan bangsa Majus. Majus disini menunjukkan profesi mereka yakni tukang nujum. Pertanyaannya adalah: Mengapa Tuhan menuntun tukang nujum untuk datang ke palunganNya? Mengapa bukan Raja dari Persia misalnya yg diundang?
Disinilah tujuan Yesus datang ke dunia sudah tampak: Dia datang untuk orang2 berdosa: tukang sihir, tukang nujum, pelacur, penjahat, pemungut cukai, anda dan saya.
Pertanyaan berikutnya adalah: Mengapa tukang2 nujum itu mau memberi harta mereka yg begitu berharga: mas, mur dan kemenyan? Karena mereka masyarakat biasa, bisa jadi mereka mengumpulkan itu semua seumur hidup mereka. Kalau mereka Raja tidak masalah. Raja pasti punya banyak harta.
Itu menunjukkan bahwa mereka benar2 mau datang kepada Raja diatas segala Raja. walaupun pada saat mereka datang yg mereka dapati seorang bayi yg lemah. Tapi tanda ajaib Mat 2:9 mengatakan: "Bintang di Timur itu bergerak mendahului  mereka." Mujizat ini sudah menunjukkan kebesaranNya.
Inilah sebabnya orang majus rela memberikan sebagian besar harta mereka buat bayi Yesus.
"It's not how much we give but how much love we put into giving". (Mother Teresa) :)
December 23, 2011, 09:46:22 PM
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Apakah dengan mengatakan kebenaran kepadamu aku telah menjadi musuhmu? (Galatia  4:16)
December 23, 2011, 10:32:40 PM
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dan itu menimbulkan pertanyaan lagi....kok bisa ya ilmu astronomi (perbintangan) menunjukkan dg tepat saat dan tempat kelahiran YEsus?? bukankah dalam perjanjian Lama penggunaan ilmu telaah, ramal dan perbintangan dilarang oleh Tuhan ALLAH??
December 23, 2011, 10:48:26 PM
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waduhhh............ berarti saya penyihir dunks heheheh.................
"Jika kamu meminta sesuatu kepada-Ku dalam nama-Ku, Aku akan melakukannya."
December 23, 2011, 11:16:42 PM
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sekedar melengkapi ttg orang Majus... di http://www.sarapanpagi.org/orang-majus-vt249.html#p537

Thanks bro Sarpag atas tambahannya. Saya lupa nyari dr KJV, memang disitu tertulis "wise man". :)
"It's not how much we give but how much love we put into giving". (Mother Teresa) :)
December 24, 2011, 02:39:26 PM
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Perayaan Natal tidak lepas dari Kisah Orang Majus. Siapakah sesungguhnya mereka itu? Alkitab hanya memberitahukan kita mereka berasal dari Timur. Dari Timur mana? Apakah Persia? Atau China, Rusia? Tidak ada penjelasan atas hal ini.
Dalam teks bahasa Yunaninya "Majus" itu tertulis 'MA, GOI'. Magoi adalah bentuk jamak dari kata "Magus". "Magus" dipakai dalam Kisah Para Rasul 13: 6 dan 8 dterjemahkan sebagai "tukang sihir". Dalam Holy Bible tertulis "Magi". Magi adalah akar kata Magician (tukang sihir).
Mungkin selama ini anda menganggap orang Majus sebagai "Raja2 dari Timur" karena mereka membawa emas, mur dan kemenyan. Apakah Alkitab mengatakan bahwa mereka Raja? Tidak! Bacalah matius 2 dengan teliti.
Kenyataanya adlah: Orang2 Majus itu bukan bangsa Majus. Majus disini menunjukkan profesi mereka yakni tukang nujum. Pertanyaannya adalah: Mengapa Tuhan menuntun tukang nujum untuk datang ke palunganNya? Mengapa bukan Raja dari Persia misalnya yg diundang?
Pesta Tiga Raja

Yesaya meramalkan secara tepat tentang kedatangan Mesiah terutama kedatangan ketiga majus dari Timur (Yes 60: 1-6). ¡§Mereka semua akan datang dari Syeba, akan membawa emas dan kemenyan, serta memberitakan perbuatan masyhur TUHAN.¡¨ (Yes 60:6). Yesaya juga meramalkan bahwa terang kemuliaan Allah akan menerangi kegelapan. Kita tentu akan dengan mudah mengidentifikasikan kegelapan dengan kekejaman Herodes. Kendatipun herodes nampak begitu ramah kepada ketiga Majus dari Timur yang datang bertanya tentang raja yang baru lahir itu, namun ia menjadi sangat curiga akan siapa saja yang menantang keamanan tahtanya. Ia telah membunuh isterinya serta ibu mertuanya. Ia juga telah membunuh ketiga anaknya sendiri. Karena itu orang-orang di sekeliling Herodes pasti sudah bisa menerka nasib yang bakal diperoleh raja yang baru lahir itu. Dan ternyata benar bahwa akhirnya sejumlah anak yang tak bersalah harus dibunuh. Herodes dan Yerusalem pada umumnya telah muncul sebagai simbol kegelapan di masa itu. Namun demikian, Yesaya meramalkan kedatangan para raja dalam cahaya yang menerangi kegelapan. Dan para raja yang berjalan menuju ¡§cahaya yang terbit itu¡¨ adalah tiga raja yang hari ini kita rayakan pestanya dalam gereja.

Dikatakan bahwa tiga raja yang datang mencari ¡§raja orang Yahudi yang baru dilahirkan itu¡¨ berasal dari keturunan suku Medes, keturunan suku imam dari negeri Persia, seperti halnya kaum Levi (keturunan imam) di kalangan Israel. Mereka dikenal sebagai guru yang mengajar, sebagai orang bijak dan kudus yang mendalami filsafat, kedokteran serta ilmu-ilmu alam. Namun di atas segalanya, mereka adalah kelompok pencari kebenaran, yang meramalkan kejadian masa datang dengan bertolak pada pengetahuan astrologi. (Ramalan bintang yang diterima dewasa ini juga punya dasar astrologis yang tua sejak zaman itu).

Mereka datang membawa serta tiga hadiah berbeda; ¡§Emas¡¨, sebuah hadiah yang biasanya diberikan kepada seorang raja. YESUS adalah Raja yang berkuasa atas alam raya, dan lebih dari itu dengan kematian dan kebangkitanNya Ia berkuasa atas maut. ¡§Kemenyan¡¨ biasanya merupakan hadiah yang diberikan kepada para imam untuk digunakan dalam upacara liturgi seperti halnya masih dipakai dewasa ini dalam liturgi gereja. Dalam bahasa Latin, imam disebut dengan kata ¡§pontifex¡¨ yang berarti ¡§pembangun jembatan¡¨, yang mengartikan bahwa tugas pelayanan seorang imam adalah untuk membuka suatu jalan menuju Allah, membangun jembatan yang menghubungkan manusia dengan Allah. Dan sungguh demikianlah, dalam dan lewat upacara liturgi sang imam menghantar umat untuk bertemu dengan Tuhan. Karena itu kemenyan adalah hadiah terindah bagi Mesiah yang telah datang dan menghantar kita untuk bertemu dan mengenal Allah. ¡§Mur¡¨ biasanya dipakai untuk meminyaki jasad seorang yang telah meninggal. Inilah hadiah bagai Anak domba yang menyerahkan nyawa bagi keselamatan kita. Inilah hadiah yang diberikan kepada sang penebus. Setelah kematianNya, Yosef dari Arimatea meminyaki jasad YESUS sebelum dikuburkan. Itulah peranan dari mur, dari minyak yang dihadiahkan itu, sebagai persiapan bagi sang bayi yang kini lahir untuk tugas masa datang sebagai penebus umat manusia.

Hadiah apa yang akan saya berikan kepada kanak-kanak YESUS?? Apakah saya ingin meneladani sikap Herodes yang mempersembahkan kecurigaannya, atau seperti tiga majus yang datang dengan pembawaannya masing-masing?? Dan apa yang layak aku berikan kepada YESUS yang adalah Tuhan dan Tuan atas segalanya?? Aku yakin Ia tak kekurangan sesuatupun. Apapun yang aku berikan sebetulnya merupakan milikNya sendiri. Namun aku masih memiliki sesuatu yang tak Ia miliki. Aku percaya bahwa hanya aku dan andalah yang memiliki sesuatu yang tak dimiliki Allah yakni ¡§DOSA-DOSA KITA¡¨. Di hari istimewa ini marilah kita mempercayakan dosa-dosa kita padaNya. Kita memberikan dosa-dosa kita padaNya dan mencoba untuk memulai lagi secara baru sebagai manusia yang tertebus. Inilah arti sebuah Natal, YESUS datang agar kita berjalan menuju ¡§cahaya yang terbit itu¡¨.(Yes 60:3).

Mazmur 72:10 kiranya raja-raja dari Tarsis dan pulau-pulau membawa persembahan-persembahan; kiranya raja-raja dari Syeba dan Seba menyampaikan upeti
Inter Esse Et Non Esse

Cogito Ergo Sum

Non Nobis Domine, Non Nobis, Sed Nomini Tuo Da Gloriam

Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus

In Hoc Signo Vinces

With love,

your Yopi
December 24, 2011, 02:44:09 PM
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In the traditional Christmas story the Three Wise Men - also called the Three Kings of the East and the Magi - came to Bethlehem on Twelfth Night bearing gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh.

A fascinating part of the Christmas story, the Three Kings were endlessly painted, from the second century - when they first appear in the catacomb of Santa Priscilla in Rome - to the present, and in one mosaic, in Ravenna, they are named: Melchior, Balthazar and Gaspar.

The most popular accounts of the Three Kings, maintained that Melchior came from Arabia, which he describes thus:

Now ye shall understand that there be three Indies of which these three lords were kings. In the first India was the land of Nubia and also the land of Arabia; and in those lands reigned Melchior at the time that Christ was born. Now, a man may lightly sail into this India out of Egypt and Syria by the Red Sea. And pilgrims and merchants that pass from India by the Red Sea say that all the ground of the Red Sea is so red that the water above seems as though it were red wine, notwithstanding that the water is of the color that other water is...And in that land is found gold... and that gold is the best gold that is in all the world.

Melchior, the "smallest in stature," brought gold as his offering - including the treasure of Alexander the Great and "all the ornaments that the Queen of Saba [ShebaJ offered in Solomon's temple." Among Alexander's treasures was a golden apple and 30 pieces of money, gathered as tribute from all over the world. These, according to tradition, were the "30 pieces of silver" for which Christ at last was betrayed.

The second king, Balthazar, was from Saba where "there groweth incense more than in all the other places of the world; it drippeth out of certain trees in the manner of gum."

Gaspar, the third king, came from a mysterious kingdom called Tharsis: "In his isles myrrh groweth more plentifully than in any other place in the world. It groweth like ears of wheat..." Gaspar was the "tallest of person and a black Ethiope without any doubt."

The significance of their gifts is well known from Christmas carols, or this hymn translated from the Latin of Pruden-tius and dating back to the early Church:

Sacred gifts of mystic meaning: Incense doth their God disclose, Gold the King of Kings proclaimeth, Myrrh his sepulchre foreshows.

This is precisely the interpretation given by the Arab historian al-Tabari, writing in the ninth century, who gives as his source Wahb ibn Munabbih, born about A. D. 654. They went out to search for him, al-Tabari writes, bearing gold and myrrh and incense, and on the way they met the King of Syria, Herod, who asked them what they were seeking. When they told him, he replied:

'What is the meaning of the gold, the myrrh and the frankincense, which you are offering in preference to all other gifts?' And they said: These are symbolic of Him, for gold is the lord of the material world, and this prophet is the lord of the people of his time; and myrrh is used to heal wounds and sores and thus God through this prophet will heal the crippled and the sick; and the smoke of incense reaches heaven as does no other smoke, and thus this prophet will be raised to God in heaven as no other prophet of his time shall be.'

In the 12th century, Saint Bernard offered a more practical interpretation. He proposed that the gold was given to Mary "to relieve her poverty, incense against the stench of the stable... and myrrh... to put away vermin." It never became popular.

Much to the annoyance of the orthodox theologians, one of the Three Kings' titles, "the Magi," inevitably continued to be associated in the popular mind with Magians, Magicians, Parsees and Fire Worshippers. But that there was another reason for using the term "Magi".

The three pagan kings were called Magi not because they were magicians but because of the great science of astrology which was theirs. Those whom the Hebrews called scribes and the Greeks, philosophers, and the Latins, wise men, the Persians called Magi. And the reason that they were called kings is that in those days it was the custom for the philosophers and wise men to be rulers...

The Arab historians: Yaqut al-Hamawi and al-Mas'udi both give versions of the legend associating the Three Kings with fire worship. Al-Mas'udi tells the story as follows:

In the province of Fars they tell you of a well called the Well of Fire, near which there was a temple built. When the Messiah was born the king of Koresh sent three messengers to him, the first of whom carried a bag of Incense, the second a bag of Myrrh, and the third a bag of Gold. They set out under the guidance of the Star which the king had described to them, arrived in Syria and found the Messiah with Mary His Mother. This story of the three messengers is related by the Christians with sundry exaggerations; it is also found in the Gospel. Thus they say that the Star appeared to Koresh at the moment of Christ's birth; that it went on when the messengers went on, and stopped when they stopped... It will be seen that Mary gave the King's messengers a round loaf, and this, after different adventures, they hid under a rock in the province of Fars. The loaf disappeared underground, and there they dug a well, on which they beheld two columns of fire to start up flaming at the surface; in short, all the details of the legend will be found in our annals.

According to Yaqut al-Hamawi the temple was at Sis, or Takht-i-Sulaiman - The Throne of Solomon. This is interesting because in Persian tradition, Zoroaster was born nearby, at Urmiyah, and as recently as 1951 the story that the Magi were buried there was still current.

When Marco Polo was in Persia, probably in about 1271 or 1272, he too was shown the tomb of the Magi:

In Persia is the city of Saba, from which the Three Magi set out and in this city they are buried, in three very large and beautiful monuments, side by side. And above them there is a square building, beautifully kept. The bodies are still entire, with hair and beard remaining... Messer Marco Polo asked a great many questions of the people of that city as to those Three Kings...

At Saba, they could tell him very little, but further on, at "the Castle of the Fireworshippers," he heard a story very similar to that of al-Mas'udi's; clearly it was the version current in the East. Again, there is a flaming well - one is tempted to think of ignited oil seeps in that part of the world - just as there is«a very old Christian myth that the star descended into a well between Bethlehem and Jerusalem and can still be seen there by the pious.

The place of the tombs of the Magi is also much debated. It is generally agreed that they died in the East - some say in India, where they are associated with St. Thomas and his place of martyrdom at Madras. Others claim that they died and were buried in Hadhramaut, where they were discovered by St. Helena while she was searching for the True Cross. She brought the bodies back to Constantinople and reburied them in Hagia Sofia. Later they were taken to Milan and at last, in the 12th century, were transported to Cologne, where they rest to this day.

It is hardly surprising, with all their wanderings, that the Three Kings became the patrons of travelers. In art, they are most often represented offering their presents to the baby Jesus, but occasionally they are shown on their wanderings.

They are illustrated thus in the Tres Riches Heures du Due de Berry, perhaps the most famous of all Western manuscripts, painted by the Limburg brothers a few months before they all three died in the great plague. The Three Kings appear on horseback with their retinues at the meeting of the three ways - always a place of mystery - outside Jerusalem. Their sumptuous clothes, flowing beards and glittering scimitars proclaim them kings from the Arab East, and the glowing colors lend the little painting something of the look of a Persian miniature. For a moment, the sober Christian story seems to shimmer and blend into the marvelous tales of The Thousand and One Nights.

The other instance appears in the texts of the Avesta, i.e. in the sacred literature of Zoroastrianism. In this instance, which is in the Younger Avestan portion, the term appears in the hapax moghu.tbiš, meaning "hostile to the moghu", where moghu does not (as was previously thought) mean "magus", but rather "a member of the tribe" or referred to a particular social class in the proto-Iranian language and then continued to do so in Avestan.

Avestan moghu (which is not the same as Avestan maga-) "and Medean magu were the same word in origin, a common Iranian term for 'member of the tribe' having developed among the Medes the special sense of 'member of the (priestly) tribe', hence a priest."

Psalm 72:10   The kings of Tarshish and of the isles Will bring presents; The kings of Sheba and Seba Will offer gifts.
Inter Esse Et Non Esse

Cogito Ergo Sum

Non Nobis Domine, Non Nobis, Sed Nomini Tuo Da Gloriam

Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus

In Hoc Signo Vinces

With love,

your Yopi
December 24, 2011, 02:46:36 PM
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« Last Edit: December 24, 2011, 07:04:09 PM by St_Yopi »
Inter Esse Et Non Esse

Cogito Ergo Sum

Non Nobis Domine, Non Nobis, Sed Nomini Tuo Da Gloriam

Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus

In Hoc Signo Vinces

With love,

your Yopi
December 24, 2011, 06:53:03 PM
Reply #8
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menjadi seseorang yang selalu hidup dengan hati nurani yang murni di hadapan Tuhan dan manusia.
selalu jujur meski kadang jujur itu menyakiti yang lain. Yang penting Tuhan ga sakit.
December 24, 2011, 06:59:30 PM
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tidak diperbolehkan cuma posting link saja lho bro :D
Maksudnya penjelasannya yang jelas ada dilink itu, mau digabung dengan postingan yang lain cuman gak bisa karena melebihi batas maksimum sis :)

Nanti aku tambahin sedikit kalimat biar gak melanggar rule  :char11: :happy0025: :ashamed0004:

GBU
« Last Edit: December 24, 2011, 07:03:35 PM by St_Yopi »
Inter Esse Et Non Esse

Cogito Ergo Sum

Non Nobis Domine, Non Nobis, Sed Nomini Tuo Da Gloriam

Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus

In Hoc Signo Vinces

With love,

your Yopi
 


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